Grammar for Gemara and Targum Onkelos

Grammar for Gemara and Targum Onkelos: an Introduction to Aramaic, by Yitzhak Frank, is an exceptionally well done grammar for those wishing to read, learn, and translate the Talmud Babli or Targum Onkelos.

It is the standard for Jewish Babylonian Aramaic grammars, comparable in calibre to the leading Latin and Greek ones.

This reference work addresses the common grammatical pitfalls of the classical Hebraist attempting to translate Aramaic.

The serious attention to detail found in the typesetting and formatting makes

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The Unknown Tongues in the English Bible

Last updated on January 1st, 2018 at 05:21 pm

How the adjective unknown became a crucial contributor to the modern christian doctrine of tongues.

Unknown tongues English Bible

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The other tongues of the English Bible has a rich tradition that dates back to the earliest days of the Reformation. The creation of this idiom had powerful political and religious overtones. An idiom the early

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Latin and the Subjunctive

When one attempts to translate a Latin author, or a Greek one with a parallel Latin text, one will invariably be faced with how to understand the Latin subjunctive.

In a number of ways it operates similarly to the contemporary French subjunctive. It does not work like the Greek one.

Latin translators often have a tendency to translate the Greek aorist with a subjunctive. So if one is translating a Greek text and using the Latin parallel as a proof-text,

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Ambrosiaster on the workers of miracles

The Ambrosiaster text gives a fourth century or later Latin perspective on the workers of miracles as described by St. Paul.

Paul wrote about this function in his First letter to the Corinthians (12:28).

Here is the actual Biblical citation:

“And in the church God has appointed first of all apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then workers of miracles, also those having gifts of healing, those able to help others, those with gifts of administration, and those speaking in

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Patrology and Greek Philosophy

For those just beginning the journey in Patristics, it is recommended that one not only learn either Greek or Latin, but immerse themselves in Greek philosophy. One doesn’t have to agree with the Greek philosophical framework, many of the Patristic authors even rally against it, but it is a prerequisite for the entrance into the Patristic world.

The author and scholar Panagiotes K. Chrestou made this point early on in his helpful book, Greek Orthodox Patrology: an introduction to

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