Gregory Nazianzus’ Oration 41:15-16 in the Greek

An attempt to make a source-Greek text of Gregory Nazianzus Oration 41:15-16 On Pentecost.

This text is being updated as new information arrives.

See Gregory Nazianzus’ on the Doctrine of Tongues for more information on the background, nature, and translation of this text.

Oration XLI — In Pentecosten


ΙΕ᾽. Ἐλάλουν μὲν οὖν ξέναις γλώσσαις, καὶ οὐ πατρίοις, καὶ τὸ θαῦμα μέγα, λόγος ὑπὸ τῶν οὐ μαθόντων λαλούμενος• καὶ τὸ σημεῖον τοῖς ἀπίστοις, οὐ τοῖς πιστεύουσιν, ἵν᾽ ᾖ τῶν ἀπιστων κατήγορον,(1) Nicetas Heracleensis. Gregorius Nazianzenus – BSB Cod.graec. 140 has καὶ τὸ σημειον τοὶς ἀπίστοις, οὐ τοις πιστευουσιν, ἵν᾽ ἦ τῶν ἀποστόλων κατήγορον. καθὼς γέγραπται• Ὅτι ἐν ἑτερογλώσσοις, καὶ ἐν χείλεσιν ἑτέροις, λαλήσω τῷ λαῷ τούτῳ, καὶ οὐδ᾽ οὕτος εἰσακούσονταί μου, λέγει Κύριος. Ἤκουον δέ. Μικρὸν ἐνταῦθα ἐπισχες, καὶ διαπόρησον, πῶς διαιρήσεις τὸν λόγον. Ἔχει γάρ τί ἀμφίβολον ἡ λέξις, τῇ στιγμῇ διαιρούμενον. Ἆρὰ γὰρ ἤκουον ταῖς ἑαυτῶν διαλέκτοις ἕκαστος,(2) The 13th century Add MS 14772 at the British Library has ἕκαστοi ὡς φέρε εἰπεῖν, μίαν μὲν ἐξηχεῖσθαι φωνὴν, πολλὰς δὲ ἀκούεσθαι, οὕτω κτυπουμένου τοῦ ἀέρος, καὶ, ἵν᾽ εἴπω σαφέστερον, τῆς φωνῆς φωνὼν γινομένων(3) An alternate reading of γινομένη as found in Savil. and Comb. according to Jahn᾽s notes at the bottom of Col. 450 of MPG• ἤ τὸ μὲν, ἤκουον(4)MPG has Ἤκουον italicized and capitalized., ἀναπαυστέον, τὸ δὲ, λαλούντων(5)MPG has Λαλούντων the first letter is capitalized. This is not consistent with earlier texts. However, Billius or a later editor is trying to explain how to understand the text by doing this. ταῖς ἰδίαις φωναῖς, τῷ ἐξῆς προσθετέον, ἵν᾽ ᾖ, λαλούντων φωναῖς(6)MPG has Λαλούντων φωναῖς italicized and capitalized. ταῖς ἰδίαις τῶν ἀκουόντων, ὅπερ γίνεται, ἀλλοτρίαις(7) MPG has ἀλλοτρίαις italicized.• Καθὰ καὶ(8) An alternate reading of ᾦ καὶ instead Καθὰ καὶ in manuscript Jes. according to Jahn᾽s notes at the bottom of Col. 450 of MPG μᾶλλον τίθεμαι.(9) The whole sentence Καθὰ καὶ μᾶλλον τίθεμαι is absent in Rufinus’ Latin translation, nor is it noted by the Venerable Bede in his coverage of the text. Ἐκείνως μὲν γὰρ τῶν ἀκουόντων ἄν εἴη μᾶλλον, ἢ τῶν λεγόντων, τὸ θαῦμα(10)τὸ θαῦμα is absent in the 10th century manuscript Add MS 14771• οὕτω δὲ τῶν λεγόντων• οἵ καὶ μέθην καταγινώσκονται, δῆλον ὡς αὐτοι θαυματουργοῦντες περὶ τὰς φωνὰς τῷ Πνεύματι.

ΙΣ᾽. Πλὴν ἐπαινετή μὲν καὶ ἡ παλαιὰ διαίρεσις τῶν φωνῶν ἡνίκα τὸν πύργον ᾠκοδόμουν οἱ κακῶς καὶ ἀθέως ὁμοφωνοῦντες, ὥσπερ καὶ τῶν νῦν τολμῶσί τινες(11) MPG uses parenthesis here(ἡνίκα τὸν πύργον ᾠκοδόμουν οἱ κακῶς καὶ ἀθέως ὁμοφωνοῦντες, ὥσπερ καὶ τῶν νῦν τολμῶσί τινες) The parenthesis does not exist in the older manuscripts Add MS 14771 or 14772. Nicetas of Serron also does not have it.• τῇ γὰρ τῆς φωνῆς διαστάσει συνδιαλυθὲν τὸ ὁμόγνωμον, τὴν ἐγχείρησιν ἔλυσεν• ἀξιεπαινετωτέρα δὲ ἡ νῦν θαυματουργουμένη. Ἁπὸ γὰρ ἑνὸς Πνεύματος εἰς πολλοὺς(12)πολλοὶς BSB Cod.graec. 140 χυθεῖσα,(13) An alternate reading of χεθεῖσα instead of χυθεῖσα As found in the British Library’s Add MS 14771, and according to Jahn᾽s notes at the bottom of Col. 450 of MPG, in manuscript Regg. and Colb. εἰς μίαν ἁρμονίαν(14)BSB Cod.graec. 140 has a period here and starts a new sentence with no period after συνάγεται which follows. πάλιν συνάγεται. Καὶ ἔστι διαφορὰ χαρισμάτων, ἄλλου(15) An alternate reading of ἀλλ᾽οὐ according to Jahn᾽s notes at the bottom of Col. 450 of MPG δεομένη χαρίσματος, πρὸς διάκρισιν τοῦ(16)τῆς in the 10th century manuscript Add MS 14771 βελτίονος• ἐπειδὴ πᾶσαι τὸ ἐπαινετὸν ἔχουσι. Καλὴ δ᾽ ἄν κάκείνη λέγοιτο, περὶ ἧς Δαβὶδ λέγει• Καταπόντισον, Κύριε, καὶ καταδίελε τὰς γλώσσας αὐτῶν. Διατί(17) Διότι BSB Cod.graec. 140 ; Ὅτι(18) Ὅτι is omitted in BSB Cod.graec. 140 ἠγάπησαν πάντα τὰ ῤήματα καταποντισμοῦ γλῶσσαν δολίαν• μόνον ούχι(19) An alternate reading of μονονού according to Jahn᾽s notes at the bottom of Col. 450 of MPG instead of μόνον ούχι This is also found in Billius’ copy as well. φανερῶς τὰς ἐνταῦθα γλώσσας καταιτιώμενος,(20) μόνον ούχι τὰς ἐνταῦθα γλώσσας φανερῶςBSB Cod.graec. 140 αἵ θεότητα τέμνουσιν. Ταῦτα μὲν οὖν έπι τοσοῦτον.(21) Ταῦτα μὲν οὖν έπι τοσοῦτονis omitted from BSB Cod.graec. 140

The Base Text

It is taken from Migne Patrologia Graeca, Vol. 36. Col. 449-452.

Alternate Readings

The MPG text is compared to other manuscripts and translations. Any variation from the base text will be found in the footnotes. Here is a list of texts looked at so far.

  • The British Library — Add MS 14771, written in the tenth century
  • The British Library — Add MS 14772, written in the thirteenth century
  • Jacob Billius’ sixteenth century work Sancti Patris Nostri: Gregorii Nazianzeni, Opera Græc et Lat., (Pg. 715 ff) which is the basis for MPG
  • Nicetas of Serrone’s work as found in, Nicetas Heracleensis. Gregorius Nazianzenus – BSB Cod.graec. 140, (Pg. 94ff)
  • The editorial notes on different versions of the text contained at the bottom of MPG were also footnoted. The editors do not always clearly state which manuscripts they are referring to, but this does have some source value
  • The Syriac translation of the Nazianzus text dated around the middle of the seventh century. 151. A. Schmidt ed., Sancti Gregorii Nazianzeni opera. Versio Syriaca, II. Orationes XIII et XLI (Corpus Christianorum. Series Graeca, 47. Corpus Nazianzenum, 15), Turnhout – Leuven, 2002. Pg. 87-95.

Editorial Notes

The MPG version contains extensive use of italics for identifying Biblical citations and emphasizing key words. It also capitalizes the first letter of a few keywords to highlight their significance. The use of italics and this form of capitalization is a later editor emendation to the text. It is not part of the earlier texts. They have been removed. They are marked in the footnotes.

The Latin text has its own special history. Therefore it has been moved to its own space. It can be found at Gregory Nazianzus’ Oration on 41:15-16 in the Latin.

Charles A. Sullivan

Charles A. Sullivan

Charles Sullivan is a researcher and writer on topics of textual criticism, linguistics, theology, Christian mysticism and philosophy. He also frequently likes to delve into contemporary social and ethical issues from a faith perspective.
Charles A. Sullivan

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