The Catholic Church really had a thing for speaking in tongues during the late Medieval Age. The following examples show the popularity of this doctrine. Some accounts refer to persons all the way back to the New Testament. I think these early references are doubtful but accurately describe Late Medieval perceptions.
1260–1500 Late Medieval Hagiographa Accounts
- Introduction to Late Medieval texts on Speaking in Tongues
An introduction to the many invaluable texts on the subject. However, we must proceed to read these accounts as perceptions which may or may not be realistic.
- St. Anthony of Padua
St. Anthony was a Portugese Franciscan Friar known for his powerful oratory skills and compassion for the poor.
- St. Matthew Speaking in Tongues
Like I previously wrote, doubtful this is historically true, but accurate as a Late Medieval perception.
- St. Patiens
St. Patiens was one of the first Bishops of the city of Metz, France, around 150 AD. This begins the story of speaking in tongues, internal politics, sainthood and business.
- St. Norbert of Xanten
- Tongues speaking in sixth-century Wales: St. David, Teilo, and Padarn
St. David, Padarn, and Teilo are important figures in the history of Wales. They provide a literary bridge for the establishment of Christianity in that region.
- Vincent Ferrer
Ferrer was an itinerant Dominican missionary that traveled extensively throughout Europe. He only spoke and preached in his native Valencian language but the people miraculously understood it in their own language.
- Francis Xavier
The most controversial subject, and an embarassing one, on speaking in tongues in Catholic history. His legend became the symbol of Protestant attacks of rampant corruption. The legend is interesting and the reality is different. The following is an examination of both sides.
Translation and analysis of St. Norbert of Xanten. A 12th-century Christian who is claimed to have spoken in tongues.
Pope Benedict the XIV
Pope Bendict the XIV was one of the most enlightened and intellectually astute leaders the Catholic Church has ever had. In response to the Xavier tongues crisis almost 200 years previous, he prepared and wrote one of the most in-depth treatise on the doctrine of tongues ever.
- Treatise on the Gift of Tongues as a Category for Sainthood: English Translation
- Treatise on the Gift of Tongues as a Category for Sainthood: Original Latin
The stringent requirements that he set for miraculously identifying speaking in tongues seriously curtailed the rite in the Catholic Church.
Women throughout Catholic history and speaking in tongues
This should be included here but awaits input. The Gift of Tongues: Women’s Xenoglossia in the Later Middle Ages, by Christine F. Cooper-Rompato, is an excellent book covering this perspective.